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Tree Pruning and What Good Will It Do A good time to conduct tree pruning is during the dormant season when you can clearly see the structure of the trees, maximize closure of their wounds, reduce disease and eliminate the excessive flow of sap if any. Different plants have different pruning time, like the flowering shrubs require pruning on dormant season, and trees and shrubs, dogwood and red-bud that blossom in early spring need pruning right immediately after flowering. Other flowering trees are susceptible to fire blight and bacterial disease therefore they need to be pruned during dormant season, and examples are crab apple, pear, hawthorn varieties, mountain ash, pyracantha and flowering quince. Trees that flower during summer or fall should be pruned also during the dormant season. Of course, dead branches can be removed at all times when noticed. Know that in order for fruit trees to develop their proper form or shape, pruning or training is a must. Experience shows that fruit trees that are properly pruned and trained have a higher quality of fruit and will live a longer span of time. This goes to say that the goal of pruning and training is to develop a strong framework of the tree in order for it to support a large bunch of fruit. Be aware then that if your fruit trees are not trained properly, the angles of their branches could be too upright and will have the possibility of breaking once they carry heavy crops. In this case, the productivity of your trees could reduce and the lives of the trees could also shorten.
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Other benefits when you train trees are eliminating diseases, and the broken or dead limbs.
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A proper training of trees will open up the trees’ canopies and thus allow the light to penetrate fully. The penetration of light is very important in the development of the buds because it will lead to a high quality of fruit flavour. By training and pruning the tree, you are therefore correcting its growth and thus minimize its cutting. It is good information also to know that trees react differently to summer pruning and dormant pruning. It is said that the tree’s energy is not changed when you remove a large part of it during dormancy. While in spring, the tree will react by producing many upright branches that will shade the tree and stop good development. Dormant tree pruning therefore is better done in the late season to avoid injury during winter. Make it a practice to prune late blooming trees ahead of the early blooming trees. When it comes to summer pruning, it is advisable to complete it before the end of July so as to avoid problems of winter injury, and take note that it is only for removing upright growth of branches.